The recognition of young audiences, as a different age group in relation to childhood, has affected the reconfiguration of Children’s and Youth Literature, at least since the 1960s and progressively over the years. The establishment of this specification was carried out in several ways: publishing houses, publishing youth collections; the institutions convening literary competitions with which to establish a special distinction to award the best books for young people; the academic studies, analysing this artistic production and establishing canons and relations of writers who are considered referents of this production, etc. The change in this scenario, therefore, brought with it the recognition of a specific literature for young people. Given the importance of this new configuration in the field of written literature for children, adolescents and early youth, the present research aims to offer a comparative study between Brazilian and Galician literatures for these last two stages mentioned: adolescence and early youth. To achieve our goal, 1) we will analyse the factors that influenced the origin and development of production intended especially for young people in both national literatures and 2) we will analyse the elements of fiction that are repeated in the selected works. For the selection of this corpus of fiction, the youth narrative works that received literary awards from renowned institutions in Brazil and Spain were considered. With this research, we hope to contribute to the understanding of the specific characteristics of the Brazilian and Galician youth subsystem and also to establish a line of comparative research between these two territories.